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The LSI  Basic Course on SCAN

and the LSI HQ Basic

The LSI Basic Course on SCAN  is held every week of the year at locations throughout the U.S. and Canada.  We have a SCAN course near you!  

The LSI HQ Basic is the LSI Basic Course on SCAN, presented by Avinoam Sapir at LSI headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona.  Class size is limited to 10 participants.

The Course Includes

    three days of intensive training in the SCAN technique (a total of 26 hours of instruction).

    all training materials, including a 230-page workbook of lecture notes and guided reading.

    the VIEW Questionnaire with basic instructions for its use.  VIEW (Verbal Inquiry - the Effective Witness) is an effective screening process for specific-suspicion cases, based on the SCAN technique.  VIEW presents the SCAN technique in a ready-to-use form.  

    A CD-ROM of SCAN guidelines, case studies, and at-home exercises, including:
   the SCAN Workshop Guidebook
   the VIEW Guidebook
   the LSI SCAN Newsletter Anthology

    technical support:  we provide technical support on an ongoing basis for any student who has completed the course.  A fax number is given for use on a 24 hour basis, for assistance with statements or VIEW  questionnaires.

Outline of the Course

    1.  Definition of SCAN (Scientific Content Analysis).
    2.  Obtaining information as a flow of information.
    3.  Fulfilling expectations.
    4.  Obtaining information in the framework of authority.
       Professional authority.
    5.  Obtaining information as a verbal process.
    6.  The Onion Theory.

    1.  The Initial Phase - establishing professional authority.
    2.  Obtaining the Pure Version (=OPV)
(Pure Version:  The version of the subject with no intervention by the interrogator/ interviewer.)
   how to write a statement.
   how to analyze a statement (=Scientific Content Analysis).
   how to develop a statement.
3.  The Detailed Inquiry (=specific questions).
    4.  After Interview.

    1.  Definition of deception.
    2.  Dimensions of deception.
    3.  Strategies of deception.
    4.  Tactics of deceivers.
    5.  Sociology of deception.

    1.  Detection of deception by structure.
    2.  Detection of deception by content.


1.    The course is designed to bring the reader/listener to have the ability to analyze the statement from within.  Upon completion of the course the student would be able to analyze:

    a.    What the subject said.
    b.    What the subject didn't say.
    c.    If the subject is truthful or not.

2.    The course is a three-day course, 8.75 hours a day (0800-1730, with 40 minutes for lunch) - total 26 session hours.  Registration on the first day will be at 0730-0800.  Completion of the course and graduation will be on the last day 1730-1800.

3.    a.    During the evenings the student is required to do homework consisting of guided reading.  The guided reading enables the student to test the rules discussed during the sessions.

        The reading material is an essential part of the course.  Each morning there will be a discussion of the previous day's reading.

    b.    The student is given additional material to read at the conclusion of the course.  This last assignment serves the student as a test of his ability to utilize the rules learned in the course.

    c.    It is estimated that the student must devote 2 hours each evening for the reading material, total reading time 6 hours.

4.    Length of training:    
        session hours        =   26 hours.
        reading assignments    =     6 hours.

        TOTAL TRAINING    =    32 hours.

5.    Each session lasts 50-60 minutes with a break of 10 minutes between sessions.  The breaks are decided according to the material.

6.    The lunch break is around 12 noon and lasts for 40 minutes.  Again, this break is decided according to the material.

7.    Each student receives a 230-page workbook of lecture notes and guided reading material.

8.    The student writes three statements:

    a.    A statement which has to be either true or false.
    b.    An alibi statement - "What happened on Sunday from time you got up till the time you went to sleep?"
    c.    A deceptive statement.

    Statement (b) is analyzed individually for each student, while statements (a) and (c) are analyzed as a group.

9.    Each student receives the VIEW Questionnaire, an effective screening process for specific-suspicion cases, based on the SCAN technique.  VIEW (Verbal Inquiry - the Effective Witness) presents the SCAN Technique in a ready-to-use form.  

10.    Each student receives a take-home CD-ROM of SCAN information and case studies (consisting of the LSI SCAN Newsletter Anthology, the VIEW Guidebook, and the SCAN Workshop Guidebook).  

11.    Each student receives a diploma.

12.    Following the course, the students will continue to receive additional guidance in the SCAN technique through the LSI technical support hotline.


The SCAN technique was developed by Mr. Avinoam Sapir, a polygraph examiner, with a background in the Israeli Police Department in Jerusalem.  Mr. Sapir holds a Bachelors Degree in both Psychology and Criminology, and a Masters Degree in Criminology.  He developed the SCAN technique by conducting extensive research into verbal communication, looking into the linguistic behavior used by people in communication.

The SCAN course is presented either by Mr. Sapir, or by instructors specially trained by Mr. Sapir.


The fee for the course (instruction and materials) is $600 per student.  For groups of two or more students, we offer the following special rate:  $900 for two students, and $450 for each additional student.

The tuition fee for the LSI HQ Basic is $600 per student.  Due to the limited class size and increased personal attention received by each student, no group rates will be offered.  To guarantee a place in the LSI HQ Basic course,  tuition must be paid in advance.  No refunds will be issued after the deadline, which is two months before the date of the class.

All prices include the SCAN course and the basic VIEW questionnaire; the CD-ROM of SCAN guidelines, case studies, and at-home exercises; and technical support following the course.

All prices are in US dollars.  For courses in Canada please add 7% GST.

Registrations may be paid by check (payable to LSI), credit card or purchase order.  

Special Courses / In-House Courses

On request, we will conduct the course exclusively for personnel of a requesting organization at any designated site, if the organization will guarantee a class of 25 students.

An in-house program can reduce the overall cost for your organization, due to savings in travel expenses and per-diem for the students.  In addition, this would enable LSI to tailor the course to the specific needs of your organization.